LINQS

STATISTICAL RELATIONAL LEARNING GROUP @ UMD



 

Collective Stability in Structured Prediction: Generalization from One Example

Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML-13) - 2013
Download the publication : london-icml13-long.pdf [382Ko]  
Structured predictors enable joint inference over multiple interdependent output variables. These models are often trained on a small number of examples with large internal structure. Existing distribution-free generalization bounds do not guarantee generalization in this setting, though this contradicts a large body of empirical evidence from computer vision, natural language processing, social networks and other fields. In this paper, we identify a set of natural conditions -- weak dependence, hypothesis complexity and a new measure, collective stability -- that are sufficient for generalization from even a single example, without imposing an explicit generative model of the data. We then demonstrate that the complexity and stability conditions are satisfied by a broad class of models, including marginal inference in templated graphical models. We thus obtain uniform convergence rates that can decrease significantly faster than previous bounds, particularly when each structured example is sufficiently large and the number of training examples is constant, even one.

BibTex references

@InProceedings{london:icml13,
  author       = "London, Ben and Huang, Bert and Taskar, Benjamin and Getoor, Lise",
  title        = "Collective Stability in Structured Prediction: Generalization from One Example",
  booktitle    = "Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML-13)",
  year         = "2013",
}

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